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2015 Range Rover Sport SVR, Maintenance Service

Mark: Hi, it's Mark from Top Local. I'm here with my good friend, Bernie Pawlik of Pawlik Automotive in Vancouver. Owner of the best auto service experience in Vancouver and 23 time winners of Best Auto Repair place in Vancouver as voted by their customers. And we're talking SUV's today. How are you doing Bernie?

Bernie: Good. I love that introduction. My good friend. You're my good friend too. Yeah, I'm doing really well. 

Mark: So today's victim 2015 Range Rover Sport SVR. There's a maintenance service. What was going on with this vehicle?

Bernie: Yeah, the vehicle came to our shop for a routine maintenance service.  It was an, A service with a tire rotation and basically took care of that. I think a cabin air filter as well. That was all that was due on the vehicle at this point in time.

Mark: How many kilometres was on the vehicle? 

Bernie: Yeah it had 64,000 Ks.  

Mark: So how often do these vehicles need service? 

Bernie: Well, it depends on your driving routine. So I had to look at the maintenance schedules and there there's basically two of them there's normal use and then there's, what do they call it? I can't remember the word they use, but I'll just call it severe use which is probably not the right word, but the definition of severe use is short stop and go trips, which pretty much everyone does. Towing. Frequent cold weather starts and off-road use. There's a lot of Range rovers that are very capable of off-road that never see the off-road, but it's that frequent stop and go that puts almost every one of us into that severe driving category, whether you believe it or not. 

So the regular schedule for the severe use is about every 13,000 kilometres, but it's 26,000 for the normal usage which is really, really an awful long time to go between services, in my opinion. So I mean, I think 13 Ks is pretty much stretching it out as far as you'd want to go and then on any sort of usage.

But if you do just nothing but highway driving, you can probably get away with a little longer timeframe. 

Mark: So this is an SVR model. What makes it different from the supercharge model? 

Bernie: Well, it's got more horsepower. It's got 500 in this year, 550 horsepower, as opposed to, I think it's 510. So there's an extra 40 horsepower. The body of the vehicle looks pretty much the same. I'll just get a picture up of the vehicle right now.

The vehicle itself looks pretty much the same. I mean, there's some SVR badging in a couple of spots, but I think the front air dams, I believe are a little different. But mostly the vehicle looks the same. You have to kind of look closely to see this on SVR model.

The braking system is bigger. It's got some engine modifications, the interior is different and the suspension has some upgrades as well. So just all those items that are already really pretty high performance in a supercharge model are just beefed up that much more in this model.

Mark: So this is a normally aspirated model, I'm assuming. How do they get that extra horsepower out of, how do they get the extra ponies out of this engine compared to the supercharged? 

Bernie: Well, actually the supercharged, so you've got your regular Range Rover Sport, that's the naturally aspirated and then you've got the supercharge, which is 510 horsepower.

And then you've got this model, the SVR, which is a supercharged on steroids. You know, I don't know all the exact details, but I'm suspecting because the engine looks, you know, it's the same size engine. That's not any larger displacement. I think most of the modifications are in tuning, software, those kinds of details.

There's a lot you can do to adjust transmission shift points, that doesn't add horsepower, but how the power is delivered to the wheels. But just how the supercharger set up, valve timing, various items, you know, that can make the modifications. I don't know if there's actually any internal engine differences on these things, but you know, through some programming and maybe just a slightly boosted supercharger, you can add an awful lot of extra horsepower. 

Mark: And maybe affect lifespan of the vehicle as well?

Bernie: Well with any performance modifications, you're bound to strain the vehicle a little bit, but if it's a well-built engine it can probably handle it. Unless of course, every time you're going to be flooring it you know, that's going to be a little harder. But just for everyday usage, it's not going to strain the engine a whole lot more. But there are certainly items, as we found with the timing chain replacements we've done in these supercharged engines, they seem to fail a lot more frequently than the non supercharged engines. Obviously because the engines just accelerate so much quicker and there's so much more load on the moving parts. 

Mark: So that's a lot of horsepower that we're getting used to, I guess, with these big SUV's. We know it performs really well. Is it reliable? 

Bernie: Yeah, I'd say so. You know, I mean, it's a Range Rover. We talk a lot about the reliability issues. I can probably make a list on my 10 fingers of how many things happen to these vehicles. Timing chain issues. This is a 2015, we've yet to do a timing chain on that model year or whether this one will need it. Hard to know. They may have changed things up to the point where they don't fail as frequently. But I don't have any evidence to see that's happening. You know, there's timing chain, supercharger nose cones, suspension bushings is common on Land Rover / Range Rover products for years and years. Air suspension issues, specifically the compressors. I think I've covered it, you know? There's the sway bars. Yeah, there's a lot of stuff. I don't know if I've used all my 10 fingers yet, but there's a lot. 

So anyhow, I mean, there are great vehicles. They make as I often say, they make for a very good used value because they depreciate so heavily. So if you're okay to spend a few extra dollars on car maintenance and repairs, it's a great vehicle to buy used. But also a beautiful vehicle to buy new. If you have the money. 

Mark: If you want to cruise in powerful luxury, this is the ticket, the Range Rover. 

Bernie: Yeah, actually I didn't mention we talked about performance. I think the zero to 60 spec on this is just over four seconds, which is unbelievable for a SUV that weighs over 5,000 pounds. It's, I mean, that's a lot of power and get up and go and you know, apparently this car is good on a track too. So that whatever they've done to the suspension, you know, it's for a beastly vehicle , it's nice to know you can go off road into the bush in style. Or you can go zipping around a track and probably beat a lot of other cars out there. 

Mark: So if you're looking for service for your Range Rover, experts in Vancouver are Pawlik Automotive. You can reach them at (604) 327-7112. To book your appointment, you have to call and book ahead. They're busy. Or check out the website pawlikautomotive.com. There's hundreds of videos, including many on Range rovers, land rovers. As well, the YouTube channel Pawlik auto repair, same thing, eight years worth. We've been talking about these vehicles for a long time. Thank you for checking out the podcast. We really appreciate your listening. Thanks Bernie. 

Bernie: Thanks Mark. And thanks for watching.

Range Rover Sport, Engine Replacement

Mark: Hi, it's Mark from Top Local. I'm here with Bernie Pawlik, Pawlik Automotive in Vancouver. Vancouver's best auto service experience. 23 time winners of Best Auto Repair in Vancouver as voted by their customers. And we're talking cars. How are you doing Bernie? 

Bernie: Doing well? 

Mark: So we're going to talk a little further. We've touched on this Range Rover Sport already. What, this has an engine replacement. What was going on with this vehicle? Let's look at the whole story. Yeah, let's look at the whole story. 

Bernie: So last week I did a video of walking around with the cab of the vehicle off. The engine had been overheated and, needed to be replaced in the easiest way to do that is to lift the cab off the vehicle.

So we did a little walk around of the vehicle last week, this week, we're going to look at the engine. What was wrong with it? What we did to replace it, repair it and get the vehicle back on the road. 

Mark: So based on just referencing last week's video with the body off of the chassis and the engine, et cetera, it looks like a whole pile of work.

Bernie: That was just the beginning  Getting the cab off is just the beginning. And then from there we remove the engine from the chassis, disconnected it from the transmission, pulled it out. I mean, in the good old days, you could just do that without pulling any cabs off or dropping cradles with engines and transmissions, which we do on a lot of vehicles. You'd  just be able to hook up a hoist, a crane and pull the engine out. This is much more complicated. We have to remove the cab to get to that stage. So we pulled it out and we started dismantling the engine. I think we'll just get right into some pictures here and you can keep asking questions. 

So let's have a look here. 

Mark: When this vehicle came in. What was the presenting problem? Was it just not working? Was it running badly? What, like, how did you go about diagnosing that the engine was bad?

Bernie: Yeah, it, it was running really rough, there's a check engine light on with a misfire codes for pretty much every engine cylinder. You could see steam blowing out of the cooling system. And the engine, I can't remember all the other details, but those are enough to, you know, we knew the engine would've been overheating. And this job was actually referred to us from another shop that had done some work on it.

But doing engine replacement was beyond the scope of what he wanted to be doing. So we knew that the vehicle was coming in for an overheat and a pretty severe problem because he'd replaced some hoses and thermostat and some simpler things, in hopes to fix a problem. But it didn't. 

So here we have the engine out of the vehicle, where we walked around last time with the video and you can see things. We use the chassis of the vehicle to provide a nice little tray to put all our parts and pieces. And this is actually what the engine out it's on an engine stand.


It's actually been dismantled. The cylinder heads are off. The timing chains are off. There's the engine oil cooler it sits in the valley. Those are the head gaskets and, cylinder heads have been moved somewhere else. So this is actually cut a little far into the disassembly process, but you can see, this is the transmission, the torque converter, which is where the engine crankshaft connects up to it.

So, let's just get right into some other pictures here. So the next step actually with this is to do a physical inspection of things. There's a cylinder head here. Now this is, we clean this up a little bit unfortunately I couldn't find the head gaskets.

It's been a few days since we did the job and they're lying there, but there was very evident leakage, between these two gaskets. The head gasket is a multi-layer steel gasket. They're very thin layers of steel that are put together, that formed the bond. This it's an aluminum engine block, aluminum cylinder head. Multi-layer steel seems to be the technology that's used on all of these things. But you can see some black marks where combustion gases had crossed through the cylinder head indicating that this head was severely warped. So, what we did is we cleaned the head up, measured it with a straight edge bar and feeler gauges.

And let's have a look at how that came out. So there's the head. The straight edge bar, this is a piece of steel that is absolutely straight. It's a fairly expensive piece of metal, but it's machined absolutely flat. So you can use it for cylinder heads, any services you want to measure for flatness.

So what we do, take the middle cylinder and we run a feeler gauge in here, and this had eight thousands of an inch of warpage, which is actually right at the spec for it being garbage. So the cylinder head, right at that point, the engines done well, at least the cylinder heads are done. Of course the engine block needs to be measured as well.

So just going a little further into this eight thousands of an inch. A lot of times we'll have these, it might be like three or four. The machine shop can take these. They can machine it flat. So it's a hundred percent, you know, a zero, you wouldn't be able to fit any thousands of an inch feeler gauge through that particular bore there or between those holes. So this is actually looking at the engine block. So over the engine block, we measured that there's five thousands of an inch warpage, which is also too high. And that would involve dismantling the engine, taking the pistons out, putting the it's called decking the block, between doing all that, all that dismantling. Huge amount of money.

So we had to come up with another alternative, which was a used engine. I'll just get a couple more quick pictures here. These are the cylinders. Again, you can actually see a little bit of evidence of this combustion leakage across here. There's a shiny area here and some gases and things that have escaped past these things. Telltale sign of a problem.

That was probably why the compression was bad or sorry, the misfire codes, because you lose this compression when the cylinder head won't seal around that area. In addition, coolant of course can escape from, these are the coolant jackets here. It will escape from here into the cylinders or cylinder pressure will escape into the jacket. So that's what causes that. Now sorry, where are we? I'm getting lost here with my pictures. Too many buttons to click on. The engine. So, our alternative was to get a used engine and replace it with that. I mean, a new engine rebuilt or new engine from Land Rover insanely expensive proposition. So we managed to obtain a used engine, not cheap, but, that was the option that we went with. 

Mark: So how do you know that the used engine doesn't have the same issues? 

Bernie: Excellent question. So the first thing we do is, we buy all our engines from a reputable auto wrecker, or they're sourced from a variety of areas. It used to be that we just call a wrecking yard down the road and they'd have one, but being a vehicle like this, it's kind of a specialty. So there are companies around that they'll source engines all over North America. This one actually came from Oregon, had very low mileage. So we kind of count on that as being, and again, a reputable record. They can inspect fluids and look at things to determine the engine's in pretty good shape, but there were some things we did to this engine.

Timing chain, specifically. We looked at it. We've talked about timing chains in these engines. We figured that they weren't in fantastic shape. So we replaced the timing chains and guides while we had this engine out. Much easier job, certainly added some cost, but now the owner has a good solid engine with good timing chains that will definitely not cause any problems. 

We'll just get another view here. We put the engine back in without the valve covers on, so you can kind of see a view, this is the used engine, back in, new timing chains. View with the valve cover off. Water pump we replaced as well just to make sure. Things like water pump and thermostat you know, needed to be replaced at the same time.

So we've talked a lot about, this is a gasoline direct injected engine. It injects the fuel right into the cylinder and I'll actually just grab another quick picture here while we're at it because you can see, this is the bottom of the cylinder head. These are the valves, the intake valves, exhaust valves, the spark plug screws in here. And that is where the fuel injector sits. So this is what you have in a gasoline direct injected engine, a fuel injector that says right in the combustion chamber. In the past, fuel injectors would spray on the back of these intake valves and keep them clean. 

In examining this engine, we found, this is just one cylinder, severe carbon deposits. This is what happens if, now, it's probably something to do with the engine overheating as well. But these are some of the deposit that can form in the back of the valve and certainly affect the performance of your engine.

This one here is not too bad, they're in the same cylinder but for some reason, this one is just loaded full of carbon deposits. So, that's just a little view of what things look like when the carbon deposit gets severe. So this is why we recommend cleaning the gasoline direct injection system to remove this. However, doing cleaning may not remove that level of carbon deposited. That's another couple of quick views. There's our Land Rover, still a good looking vehicle, even seven years old. 

And, there's the temperature gauge. I just show this because this is something you need to keep your eye on when you're driving. Some vehicles don't have them. Most of them do. If yours does, get to know it and get to know where it sits when it's normal. I took this picture, after the engine had been repaired. Running it, this is the normal area where the gauge sits when everything's working well, it'll be up here on a warm engine when it's cold. Of course, it's down here. It takes a while to warm up. So get to know this gauge, whatever kind of vehicle you drive, especially a Range Rover.

Mark: So 137,000 kilometres, a pretty catastrophic engine failure from overheating and a, I imagine in incredibly large bill to fix, but probably a lot cheaper than buying a new Range Rover. However, how do you prevent this from happening? 

Bernie: Well, there's a few things. So that's why I spent some time with the picture of the gauge. Get, get to know your gauge, watch your gauge. Of course, you've got to keep your eye on the road. There's a lot to look at while you're driving a car. And so looking at a gauge, isn't the thing I always look at, if you're going up steep hills, mountain grades, keep an eye on the gauge. But when you're driving, you know, if there's anything that feels a little off, maybe your heat's not working for a second, or maybe there's a little weird noise in the engine. Maybe there's a little steam that you see, just some indication, look at your gauge. That's the time to do it. 

A lot of cars have warning lights in addition to gauges, or they have a warning light instead of a gauge and it's always red. It'll show something that looks like a symbol of something like an engine heating up. Shut the engine off, you know, if your gauge is up, shut the engine off. If you happen to be somewhere where you have to drive, drive as fast as you can to a point of safety and pull over and shut the engine off. That's critical. 

What happened with this engine obviously, is it got too hot and ran too hot for too long. So, if you run low and out of coolant, that's the worst thing. So again, keep an eye for leaks. If you see steam coming out from under your hood. That's an indicator. If you smell, antifreeze as a distinct smell, you smell something odd. That's unusual. It might be worth pulling over.

Look at your gauge, have a look at things, just see what's happening. Those are really the things to do. You just got to prevent the engine from overheating. I mean, had this engine not overheated, it probably would go, you know, easily 200,000 kilometres. I mean, the timing chains would need to be done at some point, probably by 137 Ks, they may have already been done. The carbon deposit on the valves, who knows if that was from bad maintenance or from the engine overheating. But you know, again, that may have caused some problems, but generally speaking, you know, the overheating, had that not happened this engine would still be running strong. 

Mark: And with gasoline direct injection, do a valve clean. 

Bernie: Exactly. Yeah. We have a service that we do, it's usually recommended every 30, 40,000 kilometres. What's that 20 to 20,000 something miles. If you're used to in miles, it's not a very expensive service. Doesn't take, you know, it's kind of a thing, we need the vehicle for a day and do it. And it's well worth the prevention. And I think I mentioned using top tier gas is important and changing your oil on a regular basis. It's also critical to prevent those deposits. 

Mark: So essentially when to keep these engines at such a high level of performance, to get the maximum amount of fuel mileage out of them, but also to reduce the amount of pollution that they produce because burning dinosaurs is just a dirty process to begin with. There are incredibly complex at this point, and that takes major maintenance on a regular basis to keep them running right. Sum it up?

Bernie: Absolutely. And you know, it's an interesting, I don't know if  dichotomy is the right word, but cars have become more reliable. So people used to at one time, they need to get tuneups and flush their cooling systems once or twice a year and change their oil every 3000 miles like regular things. Cars don't need to do that. You can go a long ways between maintenance services. They're really reliable. They start, they go, you know, they're not fussy like they used to be, but with that, like you said, there's a level of complexity, but you've also gotta be really on top of your maintenance.

You've got to know what it is. You got to do it. You can't go a little longer. You know, the schedules are already stretched way out. Changing oil is a waste of oil. So you know, manufacturers have gone, Hey, how long can we stretch this out? Well they're stretching it out to the max. So if you're waiting until it's supposed to be changed, it's almost too long or that's the time. 

Mark: So the easy way to look after that, is to deal with a service company that will remind you, that sends you regular reminders. Hey, it's been six months. Hey we think you're going to, based on your record of driving, we know you're probably at the point where you need to get in here so we can do a service and check over your vehicle. Make sure it's running properly.

Bernie: Absolutely. And a lot of cars have warnings that will come on say due for service, just when that light comes on, get it done. Don't wait. You know I mean you can wait a week, but don't wait, don't wait for them months. 

Mark: Don't cover up the check engine light. 

Bernie: That's right. Yeah, don't do that either. Yeah, that's right. Exactly. 

Mark: So, if you're looking for service for your Range Rover in Vancouver, and you want to make sure it runs the longest amount of time and as reliably as possible and avoid those massive bills, the guys to call are Pawlik Automotive. You can reach them at (604) 327-7112 to book your appointment. You have to call and book ahead. They're super busy right now. It's booking up fast because Christmas they're going to take a week off. So get your vehicle in there. Get ready for winter. It's getting cold out there. Check out the website pawlikautomotive.com. Hundreds of videos on there all makes and models and types of repairs.

Our YouTube channel Pawlik Auto Repair. There's eight years of videos on there. And of course, thank you so much for watching and listening to the podcast. We really appreciate it. Thanks Bernie. 

Bernie: Thanks Mark. And thanks for watching.

2013 Range Rover, Cab Off Pt 1

Mark: Hi, it's Mark from Top Local. I'm here with Bernie Pawlik, Pawlik Automotive in Vancouver, 23 time winners of Best Auto Repair in Vancouver as voted by their customers. So we're talking cars. How are you doing Bernie? 

Bernie: Good. 

Mark: So 2013 Range Rover Supercharged, you took the body off. What the heck was going on with this vehicle? 

Bernie: Yeah. So we've got a kind of exciting show for you. At least we hope that we can pull it off. 2013 Range Rover Supercharged, basically engine overheated and damaged. Needed the engine replaced, repaired or replaced. And so we, started the procedure, the best way to get the engine out of this vehicle, believe it or not as to actually lift the cab off. It's like a Ford F350 or something diesel, you know, where you basically take the cab off to service the engine. You know, we do a lot of in car repairs and this is actually the first time we've pulled a cab off one of these.

 So I thought it was pretty amazing what you find underneath the cab. So I think we'll just get right into the the video. We're not going to show you the full end repair. This is just kind of the preliminary part. This will be part one of at least one more podcast.

So let me get the screen share going. I apologize it might be a little clunky getting stuff up. So this is a video and I'm going to kind of scroll through it manually, but that is basically the cab off the vehicle. and I'm going to go, we'll kind of go backwards a little bit here. You can see the cab and we didn't clean the leaves out yet, which you can see in the wheel well. That's basically the cab off the vehicle. Back down, there's the engine and radiator, and I'm going to go back right to the very beginning. And we're gonna kind of go through this bit by bit, and I'll just show you some of the things you know, on this vehicle, because it's pretty cool.

I mean, most impressive thing I found is just how much stuff is underneath this vehicle. You know, it's, it's shorter obviously than a Ford diesel truck, but there's just so many bits and pieces and parts, which is what makes these vehicles fantastic. So if you can see right here, I mean, they're... 

Mark: Can we wait a second? How long did it take you to get the body off of the vehicle? 

Bernie: Yeah, it actually took up, I think it took about five hours. 

Mark: There's gotta be a heck of a lot of stuff that needs to be taken apart. 

Bernie: Well, there is a lot, but this vehicle is designed. I mean, you'll see, as you look around the pictures, you can see that, the vehicles designed, they build the whole chassis everything, engine, transmission, drive train, all the suspension components. Everything's put together and then they drop the body on top. So there's a lot of wiring. There are brake lines. But it's actually not that difficult of a job. It's complex for sure, but not that difficult. So, this is with the body off again, there's the front, the bumpers sits over front here and you've got your radiator, your air AC compressor condenser in the front here, some air conditioning pipes. The engine sits here. It's a supercharged engines with superchargers on top.

This little thing flopped here, that's the power steering reservoir. So again, that needs to be unhooked from the body because it's attached to the body. There's an air spring here, air strut for the suspension, the left front wheel. And this is one of the places where the cab mounts down to the vehicle. So it's a cushioned rubber insulator, large bolt goes through it to mount the cab. 

We look back a little further. We're looking back into the transmission, the transfer case, and I'll just move the video forward and we'll just kind of look down the car and I'll try to stop it at the best kind of picture quality I can. See if we get something a little clearer here. There's a transmission, the transfer case, this sort of, sorry, it's a little fuzzy here, but this is the transfer case actuator motor. You know, with these vehicles, they have all those various modes of, you can adjust it for sand or grass or uphills and downhills. There's a number of components in the system, but this motor here we'll be changing, with those different modes. It'll change the transfer case operations. So you can see this as the drive shaft here. It goes to the front axle, the drive shaft to the rear, the mufflers, exhaust pipes, for one side of the vehicle.

So we'll just move a little further down. I'll just on the engine too, these are the ignition coils on top of the engine. You normally don't see this cause there's plastic covers over top. So there were kind of moving past the transmission, transfer case and we're moving towards the rear end of the vehicle. Here we obviously see the rear tires. You talked before about this, but this vehicle has the sway bar, the electronic sway bar system, hydraulic sway bars in front and rear. So this it's so nice seeing all this stuff off, cause it's so easy to replace it now. Whereas, you know, when we have to replace these parts in the vehicle, it takes hours just to haul these things up.

But this is the hydraulic unit for the sway bar where you can basically disconnect the sway bar. We did a previous conversation on one of these. Parking brake on this as a module and cables. And that's where this is located. This leads out to the wheels again, like just super simple to replace. Normally there's a, a body on top of this vehicle. Rear suspension. Again, there's mufflers around the back, for the nice quiet exhaust that you get on these vehicles. 

We'll just kind of wander around the back of the vehicle. There you can see that, sorry that was a nice clear picture earlier. But again, the hydraulic unit for this air spring. There's some wiring that needed to be disconnected, wiring connector. So there's quite a few of them that needed to be disconnected. There was one around the back, the back bumper area, the spare tire. You can see parking brake module, the air suspension unit. And, there's one of the rear air struts, another cab mount. So you can see the cab mounts there. There's the rear differential and the drive shafts. So again, I don't if you can see but everything's very, there's a lot in this vehicle, a lot put together, you can see why these vehicles are not cheap to buy.

You're buying a lot of components. When you go on these vehicles. Fuel tank. This would be where the fuel pump is located, fuel lines, vents, and so on. And then just trying to find a clear picture. There's a rear drive shaft. 

You still with me there Mark? Am I? Yep. It's still some somewhat interesting. 

Transmission again, we've got a little blurry video. Here's a catalytic converters. Again, it's a dual exhaust system, so there's one on each side here. Oxygen sensors are these components here. So again, we're looking forward here, the right front tire, the suspension strut, the engine. We'll just work our way around here. What do we got? Good, clear view of the transmission and the engine. So, what we ended up doing with the engine, you're going to see some pictures in the future, but, we ended up removing the cylinder heads because you know, first of all, the engine had been overheated.

We assume the cylinder heads were bad. We, we did end up, replacing the engine with a used one because the engine was, it was too badly damaged from the overheating. And we'll talk more about that, but you know, these valve covers, you can remove all these components in the car, but when it comes to the cylinder heads, there's just too many pieces crammed right against the firewall and against the body to remove it in the car. So this is why we took it out. And once you've got it out, we pulled the engine off the transmission, put it on an engine stand and just made the repairs much easier to do.

Mark: Why did the engine overheat? 

Bernie: I don't know, this job was referred to us from another shop, and he had done some repairs on it. I think he replaced a thermostat and water pump. I don't know the history of that, but he just didn't want to get into doing a service so large, take on something like this. So he referred the customer to us. And, so that's why we're doing the work. So I don't know the cause of it yet. I know that there were no leaks when the vehicle is brought in, but certainly once we get this engine back together, we're going to be extremely careful to road test it and make sure that everything's in good shape.

There's no leaks. There's nothing that's going to cause it to overheat again. Because certainly after a repair like this, you don't want that to happen.

Mark: Can I ask you one more question. How would that show up? How would an overheated engine typically look, I'm driving it. Well, how would I know?

Bernie: Well, if your car has a temperature gauge, the gauge will probably shoot up to high. So this is important. You know, those gauges are there for a reason. Most cars don't have much in the way of gauges anymore, other than a speedometer and a gas gauge, and some of them, you know, a tachometer for engine speed.

And then, you know, a coolant temperature gauge. Even a lot of vehicles don't have temperature gauges anymore. They have warning lights. So if you have a car with a warning light and the red, and it'll always be red, if it comes on. Shut the engine off. If the temperature gauge goes up full, shut the engine off. You'll also notice and you may not see it overheating it like early signs, you'll notice coolant, dripping on the ground. It's antifreeze. It comes in a variety of colours depending on the vehicle. You have usually for a Land Rover, Range Rover, Jaguar, it's an orange coloured antifreeze. You'll notice an orangy liquid on the ground. You might get steam under your hood. Those are some of the things. And, also too, if your heating stops working all of a sudden, you might be low on coolant because the heating system in the car, it uses the hot coolant from the engine to warm your car.

So you're in the winter and all of a sudden you've got no heat. That could be an engine that's low on coolant and possibly overheating. That answer it?

Mark:  Yep, absolutely. 

Bernie: Cool. Excellent. Just another thing, this is sort of with the fuel injection, this is a direct fuel injection system, which we've talked about in other podcasts and different vehicles. So this is a high pressure fuel system. There's high pressure pumps located way down on the side of the engine, which we'll probably look at it in our next video. And again, pipes, these are extremely high pressure, so it's important that they're all fitted properly and don't cause any problems or leaks.

Coming around the front of the engine we've got another reservoir. There's a radiator, a good view with the hoses off. And, of course that's a critical thing to make sure it's working properly. And if it's plugged or leaking, that can cause engine overheating. I think we're coming around to the cab where we started. So we're full circle around the vehicle. 

Mark: So as an owner, one of the things that would prevent this from happening would be that I'm paying attention to the engine temperature gauge, or the lights that are happening. Lights aren't as accurate as a gauge. But if I'm noticing that engine temperature starting to creep up, I'm going over the Coquihalla or something and I'm matting it, trying to set speed records or whatever stupid reason I'm trying to go too fast. And the engine is getting too hot time to stop. Time to slow down. 

Bernie: Absolutely. Especially you mentioned the Coquihalla for those of you who don't live in British Columbia that's a very steep long highway grade. Very, very steep goes for, I dunno 30-40 miles perhaps. It's all uphill and there's some exceptionally steep parts. So I mean, it's a place where, it's an engine testing ground. Every time you drive up that hill, you know you gotta watch your speed. A lot of engines have been cooked going up those hills. So, I mean, it's not unique, if you have any mountainous terrain, those are where things happen, but you can still overheat your engine on a flat surface. It just doesn't quite happen as fast and as critically as you do on a hill.

But, yeah watching your gauge, warning lights, these are important. They're put there for a reason. And you know, a lot of times we don't look at our gauge. I mean, I drive all the time. I don't look at my gauges most of the time, but you know, if you're going up a steep mountain drive, then I keep my eyes on the gauge.

It's a good thing to do. If you're driving up the mountain to go skiing somewhere. It's just, you know, it may not even be more than a 10 minute drive up a hill, keep your eye on the gauge. It's an important thing to do. Can save you a lot of money. Like a lot of money. This is a extremely expensive repair job.

 It used to be a few years ago, you know, engines weren't that expensive. They've just become astronomically expensive to buy even like there's nothing used that's cheap. It's very expensive.

Mark: They're very complicated. Burning dinosaurs is a complicated deal. 

Bernie: It's become complicated. It used to be really easy at one time, but then, you know, our air, I'm surprised any of us could breathe. Either you either burn the fuel and you don't care what comes out the tailpipe, or you make it nice and clean and powerful and then the engine becomes very exceptionally complex. 

Mark: So again, to reiterate the reason that you're going through all this shenanigans to pull a cab, the whole body off of this Range Rover is because ultimately it's cheaper and faster and easier for you to do the job right than it was to leave it on and try and finagle the engine out of there.

Bernie: Absolutely. Exactly. There's a few vehicles that are like this. I mean, they're not cars because car bodies, it's a unibody. It's all put together. But any like trucks, you know, like Ford, we've done a lot of F350s, you know, the 6 litre cab off things. But when they started doing the 6.4, 6.7 litre, the newer versions, they just designed the vehicle. Any repairs like this, the cab comes off. So they actually made it easier to remove the cab. Then like the 6 litres, we can still pull them off pretty fast, but the newer ones are even quicker because they know that, you know what, anything goes wrong here, let's just make the cab really easy to remove. So that's smart thinking. I guess, you know, a lot of people will go I miss the old days where the, you know, the engine compartment is huge and there was tons of, but they just don't make them all in, in there and doing stuff. Right. They don't make them.

I had a friend who had a, a Plymouth fury from the late sixties and it had a slant six engine. And when he opened the hood, it was so big. I remember looking, you know, you could actually put two, six cylinder engines in this thing. Of course you could get the thing with a 440 or a 426 Hemi, which would probably mostly fill the engine compartment, but there was just like, so much extra space. You go what the heck. That's why people bought Volkswagens and small imported cars because, Hey, wait a minute. There's just a lot of waste here. 

Mark: Yeah. Well, even in my 65 Valiant with the slant six, there was lots of room in there. 

Bernie: Yeah. Lots of room. Yeah. Yeah. And that was, that was a compact car. 

Mark: So if you have a Range Rover in Vancouver and you have a problem, the guys to see who are experts, deal with lots of all makes and models of Range Rovers, all years, all kinds of issues. These guys are the experts Pawlik Automotive. You can reach them at (604) 327-7112 to book your appointment. Check out the website pawlikautomotive.com. Hundreds, including many videos on Range Rovers, Land Rovers, Jaguars, et cetera, et cetera, all makes and models and all types of repairs. YouTube channel Pawlik Auto Repair. Same story there. Thanks for watching. We really appreciate it. If you like what we're doing, leave us a review. Thanks Bernie. 

Bernie: Thank you, Mark. Thanks for watching.

2008 Range Rover, Heater Core Replacement

Mark: Hi, it's Mark from Top Local. I'm here with Bernie Pawlik, Pawlik Automotive in Vancouver. Vancouver's best auto service experience. 22 time winners of Best Auto Repair in Vancouver as voted by their customers. And we're talking cars. How are you doing Bernie? 

Bernie: Doing very well. 

Mark: So today's victim a 2008 Range Rover that had a heater problem. What was going on with this vehicle? 

Bernie: So the owner brought this vehicle to our shop. His complaint was that there was no heat or very little heat blowing on the driver's side of the vehicle. So this is a vehicle that has two zone, split zone heating, and there was little or no heat on the driver's side of the vehicle, but it was blowing nicely on the passenger side. Like there was a lot of heat available for the passenger. 

Mark: So what kind of testing did you do to find the cause of this kind of weird problem? 

Bernie: Yeah. Well first of all with any vehicle it's important to know how this heating system works, but just in general, there are different compartments inside the heating box. Pretty complicated. And they all have actuator flaps. They have actuator motors, they have doors and flaps and things that divert the heat and air conditioning and cool air from different areas. And it'll blow it up to the defroster or down to the floor and to the vents and so on. So there are motors and actuators that do these. 

So we can observe the operation of these through our scan tool. So we did those tests, verified that all of those items were working properly. And there's also some, well, not so much visual because everything's hidden behind the dash, but you can often listen to hear if the motors are working. You can test for flow, and get a pretty good idea of how things are moving.

Sometimes you have to rip everything apart, but generally you can get an idea of how things are moving. So we've pretty much determined that that everything in that department was working well. And the problem is actually, a partially plugged heater core. 

Mark: So is the heater core in the dashboard or is that out in the front near the radiator?

Bernie: No, the heater core is inside the car. It's like a little mini radiator. We'll see a picture of it shortly. It's like a little mini radiator that sits inside the vehicle and it uses a heat that generated by the engine and it disperses it into the passenger compartment as needed.

Mark: So how can a partially plugged heater core then cause only one side of the heating system to work or not ? 

Bernie: Well this is the interesting thing. The way they do it on this Range Rover Sport is that the heater core sits flat right in the centre of the heater box. Again, I'll show pictures. Sits flat in the heater box and as the air is blown over it, one side of it will service the driver's side and the other side will service the passenger side. And it just so happened, as the heater core was plugged, the side on the left was basically plugged in the will side on the right still had free flowing coolant. So that would allow for the difference. So it's a little unusual because a lot of heater cores, all the air will flow over the heater core and it'll be dispersed through different doors to the vehicle. But in this case, it actually specifically takes air from one side of the heater core to do each side of the vehicle. 

Mark: So what's involved in replacing the heater core when it's all hidden in behind the dash?

Bernie: Well it's a lot of work. That's why I love making these podcasts because I like talking about the complexity of some of the things we take on in the shop.

So let's, let's get into some pictures. 

So there's our Range Rover, 2008 sport model, beautiful vehicles still in fantastic shape for, 12 years old at this point in time. And, there's the dash partially removed. It's still not fully apart. This is just a partway through the process. I wasn't there to be able to take pictures of everything, but this is that nice panel that you'd see on the top. The big pad on the top has been off, the steering wheel's gone, all the front accessories, the radio and controls would be sort of in this area centre console. You can see a lot of things. An enormous amount of components have been removed. There's a lot of wiring in these vehicles, exceptionally complex, which is why people love them.

And the heater core is right where the yellow arrow is. So there's a box way further in here where the heater core is located. So this big aluminum frame has to come off still. And then once we're in there, then we can get to the heater core. And as I mentioned, the heater core sits flat across this area. So the air is blown up through here for the driver's side, you can see the different side vents here. This will be for the defrosting, this sort of the vent, the sort of face vent area and the floor vents all come down here and some of them go to the back. 

So, let's just get into one last picture here. This is the actual heater core. So there's two pipes that attach to this and coolant will flow through one area. And it'll basically flow through one way. These are the, you know, the cross pipes it'll flow through all of these and then back out the other end. And basically the heater core is plugged off somewhere in this area here.

So there's very little flow going through this area, but lots going through here where the passenger side is. So, that's in a nutshell, what we've got for pictures.

Mark: So, an amazing amount of work but how did it all work when all that work was done? 

Bernie: Yeah, it was good. Yep. Lots of heat, both sides. And, yeah, worked really well. 

Mark: So, is this a common problem on these vehicles or on any kind of vehicles? 

Bernie: Well, plugged heater cores we run into from time to time. On this vehicle, it happens occasionally. It's not a super common repair, but it does happen from time to time. You know, having one that's plugged like this and having it affect the heat on one side of the vehicle is kind of interesting. We had a BMW a while ago that had a similar issue. So perhaps a little more common on European design vehicles.

We do also find leaking heater cores. At least leaking heater cores used to be a much more common repair at one time. And you would know you had a leaking heater core because you get a weird smell in your vehicle of the antifreeze leaking and then you'd get steam on your, you know, go to defrost your window instead of it defrosting, it actually steams your window up. So that a one-time was a much more common repair. We don't see that quite so much anymore. So I think they're building heater cores much better. And that's a good thing because as you can see how much work is involved in removing them, it's a lot on many vehicles.

So,  we do a, you know, maybe a heater core a month kind of thing, maybe a little more than that over a course of a year. But it happens on all vehicles. And thinking back to when they were simple, because there was a time on certain vehicles, it was when they were simple, like late 70's, early 80's Fords, like Mustang Two's and Fairmont's and there was a few different models, where the heater core would actually, they had little access hatch. You pull the glove box out, which only took a few minutes.  Take this access hatch off, take the two heater hoses off and you can slide the heater core right out, slide a new one in and away you go.

And that's a good thing because those are the kind that tended to leak a little more often too. So, that made for a really easy replacement. You can do it in an hour. This Range Rover is like two days worth of work, pretty much. So the times have changed. 

Mark: Yes. Haven't they. And I'm sure it might even be more complicated now in 2020 compared to 2008. 

Bernie: Yeah, there might be a little more complexity, but I think cars have kind of matured in the way they're built, with the things that are complex. It's just, sometimes the electronics are more elaborate, but there isn't really necessarily any more wires. It's just, everything's more complicated and in a little box. But yeah, it's a good point. Well, I guess we'll see in a 10 or more years time, what transpires. 

Mark: So, if you're looking for some service for your Range Rover in Vancouver, Pawlik Automotive, you can reach them at (604) 327-7112. They work on a lot of them. Give them a call, book ahead. They're always busy or check out the website pawlikautomotive.com. There's hundreds of videos, including many on all kinds of repairs on Range Rovers in Vancouver, BC, Canada. 

Of course, if you want some more information about this kind of stuff, check out the YouTube channel: Pawlik Auto Repair. Again, we've been doing this for eight years. Hundreds of videos on all makes and models and types of repairs. Thank you so much for watching and listening to the podcast. We really appreciate it. If you like what we're laying down, leave us a review. Thanks Bernie. 

2009 Landrover LR2, Crankcase Vent Valve

Mark: Hi, it's Mark from Top Local. We're here with Bernie Pawlik Pawlik Automotive in Vancouver. Vancouver's best auto service experience. 22 time winners of Best Auto Repair in Vancouver as voted by their customers. We're talking cars. How are you doing Bernie? 

Bernie: I'm doing well. 

Mark: Land Rovers an LR2, 2009 with a crankcase vent valve replacement. What was going on with this vehicle? 

Bernie: So the vehicle came to our shop with a client's concern was there was a noise, like a noise coming from the engine area where after the vehicle was driven for a while it's good and hot. So, had a look at a few things. We did actually do a repair, we replaced the serpentine belt tensioner because there was some noise from that issue. We ran it for a long time, never heard the noise. And then finally after some time that the noise reoccurred and we were able to find that the noise was coming from the PCV valve or crankcase vent valve. 

Mark: So what's involved in replacing this part?

Bernie: Well, so this part, basically it's an assembly that bolts onto the back of the intake manifold. Not an incredibly difficult repair. Fortunately it's pretty accessible. Once the engine cover's removed, basically a bolt on bolt off repair. A little bit of computer reprogramming afterwards to, which I'll explain a little later on, but that's basically what was involved.

Mark: So what was wrong with this part? 

Bernie: Well, basically let's have a look at some pictures and I can show what goes on with this part.

So here's our a nice 2009 LR2 really good, again, really good condition. I was thinking we have a lot of clients who keep their cars in good shape. So this car still looks like a brand new vehicle, which is a good thing. Good to do. 

This is the piece right here. This is the top of the crankcase vent unit opened up. The actual problem is this little round area there, and we'll have a closer look, but as you can see these are where all the bolts spouses is quite a few bolts that hold a oldest piece on, but it's fortunately accessible, not buried as these are on some vehicles and engines.

Here's the underside view of the part. Again, not much to see it's a piece of plastic and, again like the vent valve unit is basically over here in this particular area here. But there's basically suction from the intake manifold. And then the rest of it connects to this area here connects to the crankcase area. So it sucks the fumes out of the crankcase.

And what goes wrong with it? There's the unit there. But this is the rubber diaphragm. This is the part that goes wrong. There's a spring and a diaphragm and depending on engine vacuum, it will actually suck a certain, predetermined, I would say calibrated, that's the word I'm looking for a calibrated amount of combustion gas back into the engine, burn it up, which is a huge reducer of emissions.

There's the problem with the unit right there. You can see this rubber diaphragm was torn and that's what was causing her issues. So you know how we knew besides once we heard the noise, what's a really good indicator of this problem is when you open your oil filler cap, all of a sudden with the engine running, it's enormous amount of suction. And sometimes it actually requires a bit of force to lift the cap off, not pliers or anything, but like the hand force is abnormal and you can hear a huge amount of suction. And you'll notice an enormous kind of change in noises and suction of the engine. So that's, that's a good indicator that this part is blown. 

Mark: So again, why do they use an electric, or a ... So it breaks. Why again? Why is it there? Why, why is it, what is this doing in terms of the vehicle? 

Bernie: Yeah, so as I mentioned, it's emission reduction. That's the primary purpose. This part goes by a couple of different names. I call the crankcase vent valve. They may call it a PCV valve, which is positive crankcase ventilation. That's kind of the more common term. 

But the whole purpose of this device is to basically take the blow by gases that occur in the crankshaft and internal combustion engine and suck them back into the intake manifold, re-burn the gas because the pollutants that come out of crankcase blow by gases are hundreds of times worse than what comes out of your tailpipe. 

In the old days and we're talking back in the sixties, with a gasoline internal combustion engine before they had PCV valves, you'd have to think of a road draft too, and that would vent that the crankcase gases. Crankcase gases happened because as the combustion process occurs, some of the combustion escapes past the piston rings and goes in the crankcase. If you didn't have a vent, they would just blow something apart in the engine. Like the oil pan would blow off or something like that. So having the vent, allows the gases to escape. But if you ever smelt these gases, I mean, it'll knock you out for about two seconds. They're they're just horrific. So that's what the PCV valve basically reduces that emission.

And so these are just a little more sophisticated of a system having that diaphragm like that, but a lot of people might be familiar with the old traditional PCV valve, just a little round metal piece of plastic elbow, and it used to be the kind of thing you'd change every couple of oil changes on an old American V8 or some Japanese cars. But it's become much more sophisticated and often part of the engine. 

Some engines they're even actually part of the valve cover. Some of the PCV valve goes bad. You have to replace the whole valve cover, which can be a pricey repair. 

Mark: So is this unique to Land Rovers that these wear out? 

Bernie: No, it's not. I was kind of alluding to in the last item I mentioned, you know, they used to be a kind of easy replacement item in the days of the little PCV valve, but this type of big diaphragm PCV valve is commonly used on European cars and they do fail on pretty well everything. BMW has some rather elaborate, even larger ones and more difficult to access units, on their 3 series for their straight six engines for many years, like in the early2000s, they failed all the time in a similar fashion to this one. So it's a common replacement item and we do a lot of them on Land Rovers, but they don't all require replacing, this unit the V eight engines, the V6's they use a different similar concept, but you can actually just replace the diaphragm with a kit. So it makes for easier and less expensive repair.

Mark: So how did the vehicle run after the repair? 

Bernie: Oh, fantastic. Except, there was actually one issue and that is the noise went away and then it would kind of reoccur in kind of a strange fashion. So, our solution for that was basically there was a reprogramming procedure, not a reprogram, but a relearn, procedure with the engine computer.

So you know, what happens is, of course, if the engine has been running for a while, like this, the fuel system adapts to this excessively lean condition. That's that's occurring from the torn PCV diaphragm. And once you to replace the part, it works better, but the computer isn't fully adjusted and given time it would probably work its way out.

But, of course, you know, delivering to the customer with noises, doesn't instill a great deal of confidence that the repairs done properly. So with the reprogramming procedure, it basically, resets the fuel trims and mixtures back to normal. And then, the vehicle will compensate and adjust from there. But basically that repaired it all. 

Mark: So we've done quite a few podcasts about the Land Rover LR2, what's your feeling about the reliability?

Bernie:  Pretty good car. There are a lot of things that do happen. I mean, this vehicle is the same as a Volvo XC 70. And a couple of perhaps other Volvo models, but same as XC 70 Volvo. As a matter of fact, I didn't point out with that one of the early pictures that I shared earlier says FOMO CO right on top of the part. So this is like when Ford owned Volvo and Land Rover, you know, they built basically this platform. So it's pretty good. 

There are some things that are, you know, that we've talked about a lot on podcasts, the rear differentials on this vehicle will go bad. It's a guarantee at some point that the rear differential variants would go bad.  The serpentine belts are very complicated, like the drive system, so that that's a very expensive item to repair as well in these vehicles. But overall they are pretty good for reliability and it's a nice size little compact SUV, all wheel drive vehicle.

So if that's what you're looking for, it's a pretty good vehicle. Just expect that you'll probably spend a little more money than you would on, as I say, I always compare it to the Toyota, that's the benchmark. But, you know, overall pretty good vehicle. You'll just need some repairs that you'll need to do.

Mark: If you want expert repair on your Land Rover or Volvo in Vancouver, the guys to see are Pawlik Automotive. You can reach them at (604) 327-7112 to book your appointment. You have to call and book ahead. They're busy. Check out the website pawlikautomotive.com. YouTube channel Pawlik Auto Repair, hundreds, not exaggerating, hundreds of videos on there about all makes and models, all types of repairs. We appreciate you listening to the podcast, watching, leave us a review. If you like what we're laying down. Thanks for Bernie. 

Bernie: Thanks, Mark. Thanks for watching. We really appreciate it.

2017 Range Rover Front And Rear Brake Repair

Mark: Hi, it's Mark from Top Local. We're here with Bernie Pawlik, Pawlik Automotive in Vancouver. Vancouver's best auto service experience. 22 time winners of Best Auto Repair in Vancouver and celebrating 30 years of serving the clients of all makes and models of cars, all kinds of repairs in Vancouver, British Columbia, and we're talking Range Rovers. How are you doing Bernie? 

Bernie: Doing very well. 

Mark: So what was happening with this Range Rover SUV?

Bernie: As this vehicle had just been in the dealer for service and they noted the front rear brakes were worn out and needed to be replaced, and he brought it to us to have the brake work done. 

Mark: So it's a 2017, which is three years old. That's seems a little bit early, isn't it? How many kilometres did it have? 

Bernie: The vehicle only had 23,000 kilometres on it. 

Mark: Well, why would it need brakes at such a relatively young age? 

Bernie: You know, most of these large European SUVs need brakes done at a very low mileage. We've had, you know, like I'm thinking that Audi Q7 for one. Their brakes don't last much more than 30,000 kilometres.

Range Rovers typically are about good for about 30 K's max. And I'll be honest with you, I sometimes puzzle over it myself because the brakes in these vehicles are absolutely massive. They're huge. They're made out of good materials and yet they don't last.

And, you know, a lot of it I think is just, it's a performance vehicle. There's a lot of weight and you know, that's likely the cause. 

Mark: So what sort of materials are the brake pads made of that they don't, and the rotors, I guess too, that they don't last?

Bernie: Well a lot of them are actually made on a really good solid materials like semi metallic or carbon, sorry, ceramic or semi metallic, which are good, generally durable materials.

The rotors wear equally with the pad. So when you get these into your, replace the pads, the rotors have big, deep grooves in them where they've worn the material away. So the pad material is clearly a very hard material. The only thing I can conclude is just, it's a high performance vehicle with a lot of weight, you know, with the wheels and of the actual vehicle itself, so that, that would be I think what would cause it.  Let's have a look at some pictures here. 

So there's our beautiful Range Rover Supercharged. I mean, it's just absolutely gorgeous car. Of course, one of the things that I mentioned, you know, the wheels. I mean, if you look at the wheels in this vehicle, and I should really look at the tire says, these have gotta be, you know, at least a 20 inch or larger wheel. So there's a lot of weight to this tire and wheel, and you know, that'll cause you know, brakes to wear at a much quicker rate. Let’s have a look at some pads and things here.

So let's look at the front. So there's our, there's our front brakes before about three millimetres left in these pads. So not a whole lot. You can kind of see an edge here. This is that the edge where the old age of the rotor, and it's difficult to see in this picture, but there's a definite, there's a lot of material worn away in this part of the rotor that requires it to be replaced.

It's not machineable because there's just not a lot left. We look over here, we've got, these are the new brake pads. You can see much greater level of material. These aren't the thickest pads in the world. I mean, compared to like VWs often use very thick pads to start with. These are probably about 12 mils I think. So there's a pretty good amount of material to wear. And you can see the new clean, absolutely flat rotor surface. So that's the, those are the front brakes, kind of a close up view. 

Let's get into the rear here. Those are the old pads. You can see there's very little left on these pads. Less than two millimetres on these particular pads. And then we look at the replacement rears, which you can clearly see. There's a lot more meat on that. So there's kind of a view of the brakes. It's a common job for, you know, as I mentioned, 23,000 kilometres, I mean, this is, I hate to say it, but this is kind of normal for these vehicles.

Although we have had some vehicles in the past where, you know, with the aftermarket parts we use, the pads and rotors will last much longer than the original. So it may be that they also use a slightly softer material from the factory just to prevent any squeaks and squeals. 

Mark: So is there anything that a Range Rover owner can do to improve brake life other than not driving the vehicle?

Bernie: Yeah. That is one thing. And that kind of defeats the whole purpose of having such a nice car. But, you know, I guess it's like and this is the key for any car. I mean, use your brakes as little as possible. You know, don't come flying up to a stop and jam the brakes on. If you're going down hills, pump the brakes, that helps the brakes last longer. Those are some just sort of normal things you do in any car and that's really kind of the key to one of these too. I mean, it's hard not to go fast in this vehicle and really move it. It's a Supercharged V8.

It's got a hell of a lot of power and you know, and that's just kind of part of the ride. But it really, I think it's all in the engineering and design of these vehicles. The brakes just tend to wear heavily. And, you know, say if you just a little gentler on the brakes and avoid slamming them on, that'll probably give you a little more life.

Mark: So there you go. If you need service for your Range Rover, brake system or anything, they repair it all at Pawlik Automotive in Vancouver, British Columbia. You can reach them at (604) 327-7112 to book your appointment. You have to call and book ahead. They're going to speak to you. Check out the website pawlikautomotive.com hundreds, literally over 600 videos and articles on there on all makes and models of cars and repairs. The YouTube channel, we're approaching 400 videos on there of repairs of all makes and models of cars, Pawlik Auto Repair. Thanks so much for listening and watching the podcast. We really appreciate it. Leave us a five star review wherever you watch your and get your podcasts from. Thanks, Bernie. 

Bernie: Thanks, Mark. Thanks for watching. We really appreciate it.

2012 Range Rover Evoque Maintenance Service

Mark: Hi, it's Mark from Top Local producer of the Pawlik Automotive podcast and video series. And we're here with Bernie Pawlik, Pawlik Automotive in Vancouver. Vancouver's best auto service experience. 22 time winners of Best Auto Repair in Vancouver. It keeps going up Bernie, what's going on? How are you doing, Bernie?

Bernie: That's good. Well, people keep voting for us in various magazines around Vancouver. So thank you. 

Mark: We'll take it. 

Bernie: We will take it. Absolutely. Yes I like it. The good news about this is it will never go down. It's only a credit going forward. So that's a good thing.

Mark: Beauty. So 2012 Range Rover is, today's victim, Evo Q, Evoque maintenance service. What was going on with this vehicle? 

Bernie: Yeah so we had a new client come to our shop with this 2012 Evoque. It was due for maintenance. He had a couple of concerns with the check engine light would come on occasionally, but other than that, just a basic maintenance service.

Mark: And how many kilometres were on this vehicle? 

Bernie: This vehicle had a hundred and 48,000 kilometres. So, you know, fairly, on in life for sure. I don't know what to say, middle-aged. It's hard to know with cars. Some people think 148Ks is over the hill, but I think, you know, it's not too far gone.

This is a picture of our nice looking Evoque.

Pretty cool, stylish vehicle. When I got the thing in the shop,  it's a 2012, this is the first model year of this vehicle and you go wow. It seems like they were just yesterday, it was a brand new car and kind of makes me realize how life in the world just keeps on going, you know? Anyways, so yeah, 2012. So this is now an eight year old vehicle.

Mark: And what services were due at this time?

Bernie: So there's a few filters that are due, an oil change of course, and then there's, it depends on which maintenance schedule you follow, there's a number of some other items. And I talked with the owner cause he just recently bought the vehicle, we're unsure of, you know, what the maintenance history was on it. 

So there's basically two maintenance schedules that one can follow. And depending on which one you follow, determines some of the other items, like whether to change transmission fluid, differential fluids, and so on. 

Mark: So why are there different maintenance schedules? And is that something that's common? We've never talked about that before. 

Bernie: Yeah there are. Every manufacturer has different maintenance schedules for vehicles, depending on usage. So most of us think that we just have the regular maintenance schedule but in fact, most of us actually have the heavy duty or heavy use schedule.

The reason why some of the, some of the differentiating points for the heavy usage schedule are frequent short trips which many of us do. Then there's towing, driving in extremely hot or cold weather. Those are other issues. But that frequent short trip thing is what many people fail to look at and, puts us, I say us, I mean, most people who drive in the heavy maintenance or the severe usage category. 

So on this particular vehicle, so for severe usage, the transmission fluid, drivetrain fluids, it's recommended those are replaced every five years as opposed to 10. In this case, the owner didn't want to do that. Fine. That's their thing. And the fluids, we did look at, they seemed to be in still, you know, fairly good colour, you know, not discoloured. Which doesn't always indicate the fluids are bad, but it is an indicator anyway, so you know, for the time being, we'll wait for a couple more years and then we'll do those fluids.

Mark: And were there any other issues with this vehicle? 

Bernie: Found a minor oil leak. Other than that the vehicle is actually in pretty good shape. And that of course, I did mention the check engine light was a concern for the owner. We did, as part of the service we do as vehicles scan, record the codes, clear them, and we'd just see what comes up.

But, there was nothing major, you know, in terms of the codes we found. And it's interesting with a lot of these European vehicles, when we do a full code scan, sometimes we'll get up to it like a hundred trouble codes. There was actually 20 in the engine module, but a lot of them are like, you know, little communication error between one computer and another. There's sometimes if a battery's weak, it'll set off a whole number of you know, low voltage in this module. So sometimes you'll get a number of these codes. So we clear them. A lot of times, if you, if you re inspect it or re test it in a week, you'll find this probably like none or maybe one, you know, of some sort. But I, you know, the, the key thing is if everything's working fine, sometimes I find these codes are just, it's good information, but it can be, you don't want to go down the rabbit hole of trying to fix this stuff. 

Mark: So no other issues basically, once you looked at the trouble codes?

Bernie: Yeah, it's fine. You know, if the check engine light comes back on and the owner did say that it would sometimes came back on and off, then we're going to need to have it back in for diagnosis. But having cleared away all those superfluous codes, we'll have a better idea of what's actually going on with the vehicle.

Mark: And how reliable are a Range Rover Evoques? 

Bernie: They seem to be pretty reliable so far. I'd say so far I mean, they've been around for eight years. It's not the most common vehicle, so we don't see a ton of them on our shop, but so far there doesn't seem to be too many problems with them.

These things use a two litre Ford EcoBoost engine. So that doesn't sound so fancy, you know, compared to Range Rover, but Ford owned Land Rover and Jaguar for a long time and use their technology. And I think you know, in a lot of ways made them much better vehicles. Put them kind of mainstream and where Jaguar was, you know, running out of money when it was the standalone company. Ford put a lot of money in and their technology and really improved these vehicles overall. So this is a two litre, a turbo engine, it's in the EcoBoost family, which you'll find in a lot of other Ford products. So if you want to, if you want the Range Rover Evoque feel for less money, you can probably find a Ford product, but I won't be as nicely built and as the Range Rover and have the fancy features and luxuriousness. It's a really cool vehicle. I mean I always thought, like right from the beginning, the styling is unique and it's a nice size vehicle. You know, and with that engine, it's fairly economical considering the size of the vehicle.

Mark: So there you go. If you're looking for service for your Range Rover product in Vancouver, the guys to see are Pawlik Automotive, you can reach them at (604) 327-7112 to book your appointment in Vancouver. So you have to call and book ahead. They're always busy. Or check out the website, pawlikautomotive.com, hundreds, literally hundreds of videos and articles about maintaining all kinds of cars and problems as well. Thank you for watching the YouTube channel Pawlik Auto Repair, hundreds of videos on there. And of course, thank you for watching and listening to the podcast. We really appreciate it. Leave us a review on Apple podcasts. Thanks Bernie. 


Bernie: Thanks, Mark. Thanks for watching.

2014 Range Rover, Timing Chain Supercharger Nose Cone Repair

Mark: Hi, it's Mark from Top Local. We're here with Bernie Pawlik, Pawlik Automotive in Vancouver, BC, Canada, and that's Vancouver's best auto service experience. 21 time winners of Best Auto Repair in Vancouver as voted by their customers. And we're talking cars. How are you doing Bernie? 

Bernie: Doing very well. 

Mark: So 2014 Range Rover Sport Supercharged. We're talking about another one of these with timing chain issues. What was happening with this vehicle? 

Bernie: Yeah, so this vehicle came to our shop with some noises coming from the front of the engine. We did a diagnostic on it, found two issues. These are the two common issues. You can see it in our other podcasts and videos that the timing chain was rattling. And the supercharger nose cone was also making a lot of noise. 

Mark: So when we talked about this before, you talked about how the timing chain failure was due to, on earlier versions of this vehicle, due to a badly designed tensioner, chain tensioner. So why is the newer model kind of having the same issue?

Bernie: Well, that's a good question. You know, initially, in the 2010 to 2012 model, they used, they used the timing chain tension, had a very small diameter plunger on it. I don't have a picture here, but if you look at our previous video, you'll see a picture of it compared to the newer design. And they redesigned that in 2013 and I figured, okay, we won't see any more of those that problem is solved. But we've started to see some 2013’s this one's a 2014 with timing chains rattling. And so there's another flaw in the design, which we'll show in a picture in a few minutes, but I think what's happened is they, they basically, the actual arm of the timing chain tensioner that the piece of pushes against the chain is actually made of aluminum. So it, it's not robust enough to handle the constant pressure that's being pushed on it. And the replacement parts have a metal, little metal piece, like a steel piece inserted. And that's a much more durable item. So why they didn't go straight to that,  I don't know why but you know, I think that's what's part of what's causing it to wear out. 

Mark: Now, we've talked about this a little bit in the how the chain itself is different than some other makes timing chain. Is that part of the problem? 

Bernie: I think so. So interestingly enough, we've not yet done a timing chain on a non supercharged model. So I think the timing chain on this vehicle is just not robust enough to actually handle the power of the supercharged engine. If you've ever driven a supercharged engine, I mean, they have, the acceleration is, it's just instantaneous. So I mean, the engine is speeding up, you know, twice as fast as a non supercharged model. So, I mean, that's a lot of strain on an engine. It needs to be built, I think, far more robustly than they do. Mercedes, for instance, uses a double roller timing chain for most of their items, and we'll show some pictures in a second. You'll see the difference. But we, we've never changed the timing chain on a Mercedes supercharged or regular. They just, you know, they'd been using it for decades and they never wear out. So this is kind of, you know, pretty poor, but let's just get into some pictures right now. 

So, here's a picture of our old tensioner and the actual tension arm that pushes against the timing chain. In this view the red arrows just point to the contact point. So there's nothing really, I mean, you can see a bit of gritty, you know wear here, but that's not really, it's a steel plunger. That's really, nothing's going to do nothing. But in here, there's a lot of wear in this particular surface, and I don't have a picture of the new item, but the new part has an actual steel piece in here, which is much tougher and it be able to withstand more abuse. So, the replacement parts work much better. Here's a side view. So this is how everything goes together. So this little plastic plate here rubs against the timing chain. This tensioner, which has a spring inside plus oil pressure pushing on it, keeps the timing chain tight. And of course, these things can fail. They do, you know, they can't hold their oil pressure property. So there might be some issues with that as well, but at least in the case of this engine that, you know, it's not that old of a vehicle, it's not likely going to have occurred at this point in time.

Mark: And the reason for a tensioner on the timing chain is due to wear and stretching in the chain? 

Bernie: Exactly. Now, so these chains, so this is an overhead camshaft engine, and I don't have a picture of the whole length of the chain, but these chains are very long. They're probably, I'm going to guess three feet long if you actually cut the chain apart, it's probably a three foot long chain. So it runs from the crankshaft over two cam shafts. So there's two gears on the cam shafts, and then it goes back down to the crankshaft. And so there's a lot of length and slop, and so everything is calculated, the chain's got to be this long and the tensioner is going to take up this much tension. 

If you look at this plunger here, you can actually see a sort of, you know, darker area and then a shiny spot. The shiny area is the part that's actually, like the dark part is the only part that would have actually been sticking out in the engine. You know, when the engine was running. So there's a lot of room to deal with a chain as it wears, to keep the chain tight. Also, of course, these plastic guides are a weak spot. And other models of cars, we see these guides breaking. You know, this isn't, a timing chain failure isn't a Range Rover only thing. It happens in other vehicles, but, and this is where, you know, changing oil is so critical in a lot of these modern engines. You've got your tensioners here, you know, these guides need the right kind of oil. There are plastic pieces that you know that, as long as the oil is correct, they'll last a long time, but they will wear over time. That answer your question? 

Mark: Sure. 

Bernie: Perfect. Okay, so here's a picture of the timing chain. So this is a single roller chain. I don't have a, you know, this is a head of a Phillips screw on one of our benches. So it kind of gives you a reference that this chain is only probably a quarter inch wide, it's really pretty minimal in size. So this, you know, this to me is probably one of the biggest flaws of this engine is this chain is just not big enough to withstand. A double roller chain and I'll show you a picture in a second. Basically it's like two chains sandwich together. So it has this section plus another one here and that runs on a gear that has again, two gears. So it kind of spreads the force out over a a wider area. So here's a picture, this is a product photo of a double roller timing chain. This is a short one that you'd probably find in a push rod style V eight engine. Not the Land Rover because the Land Rover one is triple the length of this one. But you can see here that there's one section for a gear tooth and then another section. So again, the force is spread out over a much wider area. This  these last much longer. So this is what I believe they should have done in the first place, and we wouldn't be here, but they all say it's kind of cynical, but thank you Land Rover, because it gives us work or thank you Ford Motor Company.

Mark: And what about the supercharger nose cones? Since this was also replaced and noisy, I guess. 

Bernie: So this is another issue with this engine and the supercharger nose cone, I mean, the nose cone is basically the piece that attaches the drive belt to, there's some bearings, and then that actually attaches to the actual supercharger itself. So in the nose cone, there's a coupler. And the coupler's, what wears out. And I don't have a picture here, but if you look at some of our previous videos and podcasts, you'll be able to have a look at a picture of what that piece looks like. We have pictures there. But basically that coupler wears out and causes a rattling sound as the belt moves and the engine revs up.

Mark: So isn't there a simpler alternative than replacing the entire nose cone? Couldn't you just change the coupler?  

Bernie: I wish that Land Rover offered a coupler because I think that that's really all it goes wrong. The actual bearings in the nose cone don't wear out, it's an expensive part. Although fortunately for the 2014, the price had dropped a few, a couple of hundred dollars over the previous model years, which was nice to see. But, you know, like yeah, we're chucking away a whole bunch of good stuff. But, unfortunately the coupler only comes with the whole nose cone. They really should sell it separately because nothing else really wears. The other pieces that the coupler attaches to are just steel pins, and they don't seem to wear it all. But the coupler is basically there to dampen the force of the supercharger, and I think, it's supposed to quiet down the operation of the unit. But unfortunately it's just not built robust enough to last a long time. So this is another sort of, you know, failure of this piece. 

So there are after market couplers available, and we actually did do a timing chain on one vehicle where someone had put one in. But I don't really trust it. I mean, there's a reason why they design it like they do. And you know, for us, we don't want to put a part in that's going to cause some kind of other failure or other issue, you know, there's liability in certain things. So for us it's just better to replace it with the known good factory part. Although, you know, again, it will probably not last as long as it should. There's no redesign on that, by the way. If that was a question. Why don't they redesign it? They haven't, it's basically the same piece that comes. 

Mark: And how many kilometres were on this vehicle? 

Bernie: Yeah, not a lot. This vehicle only had just over 60,000 kilometres, you know, which is, what miles, like 40, 35, 40,000 miles. So really, I mean, way too new for something like this to happen, but out of warranty, unfortunately and you know, the problems there. So it's surprising, you know, we do a lot of these where it'll, most of them don't even hit a 100,000 kilometres or 60,000 miles before that, before this issue occurs. So it's a, you know, it happens at a pretty young age. 

Mark: And how is the Range Rover after all these repairs? 

Bernie: Oh, it was good. Sounded awesome. You know, nice and quiet, ran really well. The other thing I didn't mention is, you know, when this owner of this vehicle brought it in a couple of weeks ago, you know to diagnose the noise. And by the time he decided to have it fixed, the engine was already starting to run really rough. There was a check engine light on for a number of different trouble codes related to valve timing and things. So the timing chains, like there was so much play and slack, it was a good thing he had them done when he did because had he driven it much longer, something might've skipped a tooth and broken something. And at that point you, you know, risk severe engine damage. So when these things start rattling, you got to fix them. 

Mark: Any final thoughts about Range Rover and reliability? 

Bernie: Well, you know, as we've done a couple of podcasts on this particular issue, I'd say, you know, if you're looking to buy one of these vehicles, especially the supercharged model, find out the repair history. You know, it'll make a big difference as to whether this timing chain has been done or the supercharger nose cone because, it's a problem. It'll happen. Like a Subaru head gasket is guaranteed to happen at some point in time. I should say the timing belt, the older Subaru, and we call them older Subaru's now, but you know, there's certain years.

So this is, to me, what I'm seeing is this is a guaranteed issue that's going to happen. So, you know, do your research, find out whether it's been done or not, and if it hasn't been, if you can negotiate some money off the price of the vehicle, if you're buying it used, it's a good idea because you will be faced with the repair. And it's in the five to $10,000 range and closer to the 10 side, if you need to do both of these pieces. So that's a lot of money to fork out. 

Mark: So there you go. If you're looking for service for your Range Rover in Vancouver, the guys to see are Pawlik Automotive. You can call them at (604) 327-7112 to book your appointment in Vancouver or check out the website, pawlikautomotive.com all makes and models and types of repairs over 600 vehicles, over the years now. Check out the YouTube channel, Pawlik Auto Repair. Again, hundreds of videos, and if you like what you're listening to or watching, give us a like on iTunes or Spotify, wherever you happen to be listening to this or watching and we appreciate it. Thanks, Bernie. 

Bernie: Thanks, Mark. Thanks for watching. 

2012 Range Rover Sport Coolant Leak Repair

Mark: Hi, it's Mark from Top Local. We're here with Bernie Pawlik, Pawlik Automotive in Vancouver. Vancouver's best auto service experience. 21 time winners of Best Auto Repair in Vancouver as voted by their customers. And today we're revisiting an old tried and true topic, a Range Rover Sport coolant leak repair. What was going on with this Range Rover Bernie? 

Bernie: Well, it had a coolant leak, it's a Range Rover. 

Mark: Okay, thank you. And what did you find this time? 

Bernie: We've talked about this a few times, I'm trying to put a little humour into it. Maybe not such a fun subject. But anyways, what we found is there was a coolant leak coming from the engine. There's a plastic coolant pipe that from the upper radiator hose thermostat area that goes down under the intake manifold in that pipe, plastic pipe had cracked. 

Mark: Plastic, plastic. What was the, what was the mileage on this vehicle? 

Bernie: Yeah, really, really low mileage. Only 63,000 kilometres. So, I mean, you know, to me that's just a barely broken in vehicle, you know, 2012, so it is eight years old. But that's still in the, and my, my thinking and with that low mileage, really not that old but nonetheless, you know, it's plastic. We run into it.  We talk about this a lot on our podcast, a variety of vehicles, to be fair to Land Rover and Range Rover. 

Mark: So what's involved with, with this repair? 

Bernie: So this repair, so this is a non supercharged model. What was involved is removing the intake manifold, and from there we were able to access all the…and I'm actually show some pictures right now.

We're actually able to access the coolant pipe and do the repairs. So once that's off, the repair's much simpler to do. Impossible with the intake manifold. Here's a, basically a view of the engine compartment with the intake manifold removed. These are the intake ports into the engine. This is another coolant hose, we changed that which runs under the intake manifold. Kind of makes sense to change at the same time. This is a rubber hose, but these do fail usually when the vehicle gets older. But make sense to do it while this is out, because you know, if all is done well, this won't need to be removed again for another eight years or so.

We'll have a look at some other pictures here. So again, here's another, another view, looking more straight down in the engine compartment and you can see the assembly here. There's a crack somewhere in here. I'm not certain exactly where it is, but you can see this orange colour down here. That's the antifreeze, the coolant that they use in these vehicles. And a view of the new part held down by a couple of bolts and everything, pieces clip in, some hose clamps, other items just just fit together with clips and pop together. So that's our picture show for today. 

Mark: Are there any more durable replacement parts available for this repair? 

Bernie: It's a good question, for Land Rover, no. There we basically need to replace everything with the same type of plastic material that was there before, unfortunately. But for certain cars, like BMWs use a lot of plastic components and they have replacements on certain models where you can actually buy a metal, say a metal thermostat housing. Or water inlets are available in metal, which is a really good option because they won't fail again. I mean, the gasket may, the gasket, that part of it may seep or leak, but certainly, the housing itself won't fail. And a lot of times the problem comes from a housing failure. So unfortunately for Land Rover, Range Rover, we're pretty, well pretty much stuck with the plastic. But you know, and other models that we work on, there are options available and we do use them whenever we can. 

Mark: We're not really showing it, but there's actually a lot of part removal to get to be able to take the intake manifold off on these vehicles. Is that, am I assuming right there? 

Bernie: Oh, absolutely. Yeah. It's quite a few hours worth of work just to change this pipe. I just showed pictures of the easy stuff and not with the, not with the manifold on, but there's, you know, it certainly takes a little while to remove that manifold, get it out of the way and then change all of the pipes and hoses. So you know, when, after that, of course, then it's a matter of bleeding the cooling system out. You've got to remove all the air from the system and with a lot of modern cooling systems there I mean, it's always been an issue in every car since I, you know, as long as I've worked on cars, getting air out of cooling system.

But it can be even more complicated on modern vehicles because they have many hoses, many passageways and little nooks and crannies where air can hide and cause the engine to overheat. So we actually have special filling equipment, which is pretty awesome. It actually vacuums the cooling system and sucks everything in. So it really speeds up the whole process. But it, you know, again, that's kind of an involved part of the procedure. 

Mark: So this is a non-super charged engine. What, is it a better engine than the supercharge variety? 

Bernie: Well, it depends. It certainly doesn't have more horsepower, which is, I mean, which is a nice feature with the supercharge engine. I mean the supercharge engine really goes fast, which is pretty awesome and nice immediate power. But I tend to find these engines are probably a little more durable. We haven't done a timing chain on one of these non supercharged engines yet. I say yet, because it probably happened, but I think it was a supercharger it really, you know, the engine speeds up. The internal acceleration in the engine is so quick when you throttle it, the timing chains are, are an issue in these vehicles. And I think they, you know, there's the supercharger, they, they weren't really built tough enough to handle that. So, I'd say, you know, overall, and of course a supercharger is an expensive item in and of itself, on top of the engine. So with a non-super charge engine, you immediately don't have that. So I think, I think you'd probably get a little more durability out of the non-super charged, but less little less thrills. 

Mark: So there you go. If you're looking for a service for your Range Rover in Vancouver, the guys to see are Pawlik Automotive. You can reach them at 604-327-7112 to book your appointment. You have to call and book ahead because they're always busy. Check out the website at pawlikautomotive.com, hundreds, over 600 articles on there about all makes and models and all types of repairs. Of course, there's the YouTube channel Pawlik Auto Repair where we have, again, hundreds of videos again on all makes and models and repairs. And of course, thanks for much for watching or listening to the podcast. We really appreciate it. Give us a like on iTunes or Spotify and thanks Bernie. 

Bernie: Thanks, Mark. And thanks for watching.

2006 Range Rover Coolant Pipe Repair

Mark: Hi. It's Mark Bossert here from Top Local. We're here with Bernie Pawlik, Pawlik Automotive in Vancouver, Vancouver's best auto service experience and 21-time winners of Best Auto Repair in Vancouver, and we're talking cars. How are you doing this morning, Bernie?

Bernie: Doing very well.

Mark: We're talking about a Range Rover 2006 variant with a coolant pipe replacement problem. What was going on with this vehicle?

Bernie: This vehicle came to our shop with a, it was overheating and had a coolant leak.

Mark: What testing did you need to do to find the leak?

Bernie: In this case, I mean, the first place we always start with a coolant leak is a pressure test and topping up the coolant, of course, and if it starts just gushing out, then we know something is really severe, but if it doesn't, the pressure test is the next step, so that's what we did.

What a pressure test does is it puts the cooling system under pressure that you would normally experienced when an engine is running. The engine cooling systems have a pressurized cap. Pressure builds up in the system. If you have pressure, you can... The engine can run hotter and you don't lose your coolant, so it's an important thing, so we put the cooling system under pressure like you normally have when the engine is running and, that way, we can find out where the leak is coming from.

Mark: What did you find?

Bernie: We found a coolant pipe located on the back of the thermostat housing. It goes between the thermostat housing and the... basically the engine block, and that was leaking. It's a plastic part. I said it before. We love plastic. I mean, unfortunately, because it wears out, they could probably make it out of metal, but they make it out of plastic to save weight and, eventually, it does wear out. Although, in all fairness, this vehicle is now 13, 14 years old, 13 years old, so it's had a pretty good life.

Mark: Is this a common failure part?

Bernie: Yeah, it is. It is because the plastic deteriorates over time. I'm going to share a few pictures while we're at it here, so there's our 2006 vintage Range Rovers, still a very good looking vehicle, say, 13 years past. It still looks great.

Here's our pipe. This is the new piece. This is the old one, and you can see a chunk of corner missing off of here, and what happens is, over time, with heat cycling and heating and cooling, eventually the plastic becomes brittle and it eventually cracks and breaks. It's not under any physical strain because it's all held in place, but it will, it does break over time just from the heat cycling, and so... and you were is this a difficult part to replace? Is that correct?

Mark: Yes.

Bernie: Yeah, so this is where the pipe is located. This is where things get difficult, because the intake manifold sits right in this area here, right over the top of the edge of this pipe, so the pipe that'd broken in that you saw was sitting right here, bolts down here, and then these are intake manifold ports of the front two cylinders. It's a V8 engine, so it blocks over here, so there's a fair bit that needs to be removed to access to this piece.

Mark: Was there anything else that needed to make this repair?

Bernie: No. Actually, fortunately, this was it. We did do a visual inspection and found that was it. We did flush the cooling system, which is a good thing to do when you have the cooling system apart like this especially if the engines got hot. It's a good thing to do. Other than that, fortunately, it was straightforward.

Mark: Why wouldn't they use metal on this?

Bernie: Yeah, I think a lot of it is weight-saving. Two things, you can more easily mold a plastic piece, so that's one reason, and the second is that it's weight-saving. You can save. When you think about an engine, if you can use plastic parts, you can probably knock 30, 50 pounds off the weight of an engine, and the lighter the engine, the more efficient it is, so, in that respect, it's a good idea. There are parts we've done like certain BMWs, older vintages, where they actually make metal replacement parts for plastic thermostat housings. In this case, this vehicle didn't have such a thing, but I'd expect the plastic to last for another 10, 12 years anyways. It's the same type of part.

Mark: This is a non-supercharged engine, I'm guessing from how easy it was to actually do. Are they more trouble-free?

Bernie: I would say overall they are. I mean, there's less components obviously you've got. You don't have the supercharger, which in and of itself is a very expensive piece. I rarely see failures with the actual supercharger on some newer ones. You'll see. We have videos on the nose cone bearing failing, but, yeah, I mean, this is a simpler engine, and the cooling system is simpler on this vehicle as well.

The supercharge versions have pipes that run underneath the supercharger and intake manifold, which tend to fail and cost a lot more money to replace. They're like a rubber pipe assembly, a pipe and hose assembly, so there's more complexity in that, so, definitely, less to go wrong. You don't get the thrill of the immediate acceleration you do with the supercharge, but these things are more than adequate, a 4.4 litre engine. It's a pretty good engine. I think, around this vintage, I find these engines are actually quite reliable.

Mark: That was my next question. How are Range Rovers for reliability?

Bernie: We have a lot of videos and podcasts on these, so there are issues I'd say. Again, I was saying this is probably one of the more reliable engine models that you'll find around this vintage. The earlier ones, certainly earlier generation engines definitely had a lot more problems with oil leaks and things. These are pretty good for oil leaks. We've done actually a couple of cooling system repairs on this particular vehicle. Hoses tend to fail and pipes after a while, but, overall, I'd say these are pretty reliable, but you've got suspension problems, too, so, if you look through our collection of videos, you'll see some of the things that we see, but they're not bad, but you'll expect to spend a little more money on a Range Rover than you would for your average SUV.

Mark: One of your favourites, in other words.

Bernie: One of our favourites, yeah. They're nice vehicles to own. People like to keep them.

Mark: There you go. If you're looking for service for your Range Rover in Vancouver, British Columbia, the guys to see are Pawlik Automotive. You can reach them at 604-327-7112 to book your appointment. You have to call and book ahead, they're always busy, or check out their website, pawlikautomotive.com. There's hundreds, literally, of videos and blog posts on there about different makes and models and all kinds of repairs, or our YouTube channel, Pawlik Auto Repair, again, hundreds of videos, all makes and models and types of repairs, and, of course, thank you so much for listening to the podcast. We really appreciate it. Feel free to give us a like if you enjoy what we're doing, and thanks, Bernie.

Bernie: Thanks, Mark, and thanks for watching.

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